The words and actions through which Lutherans worship God are many and varied. Representing a variety of ethnic groups and patterns of piety, Lutheran congregations are seldom identical in the way they worship.
Still, there are the following common characteristics.
Lutheran worship is liturgical, following a common order of service adopted by the Church. There are four phases: Gathering, Word, Meal and Sending.
- Lutheran worship is biblical. It has roots in the life of the Old Testament people and of the New Testament Church. It uses the language of Scripture and celebrates the biblical message.
- Lutheran worship employs the historic heritage of Christian worship common to major branches of the Church, as it has developed over 20 centuries.
- Lutherans worship, in the spirit of the Reformation, using the contemporary language of the people. Lay persons, as well as the clergy, participate actively in appropriate leadership roles.
- Lutheran worship employs the arts---musical and visual---as gifts from God to be used to God's glory and for the instruction of God's people.